Knee replacement is surgery for people with severe knee injury. Knee replacement will relieve pain and permit you to be more active. Your doctor may recommend it if you have knee pain and medicine and other treatments are not helping you any longer. Replacing a joint can reduce pain and help you move and feel better. Hips and knees are replaced most often. other joints that can be replaced include the shoulders, fingers, ankles, and elbows. When you have a total knee replacement, the operating surgeon removes broken cartilage and bone from the surface of your knee and replaces them with a man-made surface of metal and plastic. in a partial knee replacement, the operating surgeon only replaces one part of your knee joint. The surgery will cause scarring, blood clots, and, rarely, infections. after a knee replacement, you will not be able to do certain activities, like jogging and high-impact sports.
Why do we need it?
Joints might have to be replaced when they are damaged from Arthritis, Years of use, Disease. Your doctor will probably first recommend other treatments to reduce pain and help you move better, such as Walking aids, like a cane or walker, An exercise program, Physical medical care, Medications. Sometimes the pain remains and makes daily activities hard to do. in this case, your doctor might order an x-ray to look at the joint. If the x-ray shows injury and your joint hurts, you may need a joint replacement.
How it is performed?
During joint replacement your doctors will give you An illustration showing a hip prosthesis that is used in hip replacement surgery, Hip Replacement Location and Give you medication so you won’t feel pain. the medication may block the pain only in one part of the body, or it may put your whole body to sleep. Replace the broken joint with a new artificial joint. Move you to a hospital room till you are totally awake or the symptom goes away.
Life after knee replacement:
With knee or hip surgery, you will probably need to stay within the hospital for some days. If you are older or have further disabilities, you may then need to spend many weeks in an intermediate-care facility before going home. You and your team of doctors will determine how long you stay in the hospital. After hip or knee replacement, you will often stand or begin walking the day of surgery. At first, you may walk with a walker or crutches. you will have some temporary pain in the new joint because your muscles are weak from not being used. Also, your body is healing. The pain can be helped with medicines and will finish in a few weeks or months.
Physical therapy will begin the day after surgery to help strengthen the muscles around the new joint and assist you regain motion in the joint. If you have your shoulder joint replaced, you can usually begin exercise the same day of your surgery! A physiotherapist can assist you with gentle, range-of-motion exercises. Before you leave the hospital, your therapist will show you the way to use a pulley device to help bend and extend your arm.
Complications after joint replacement surgery are much less than they used to be. when problems do occur, most are treatable. problems may include Infection. Blood clots, Loosening of the joint, Ball of the new joint comes out of its socket, Wear on joint replacements, and Nerve and blood vessel injury.